Bethany Hastie

Bethany Hastie is a doctoral candidate at McGill University under the supervision of Professor François Crépeau. She holds a SSHRC Doctoral Fellowship, and formerly, an O’Brien Fellowship in Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. She obtained her J.D. from the University of British Columbia, and LL.M. from McGill University.

Bethany’s doctoral research explores how the law contributes to and facilitates the exploitation of migrant workers in Canada. Specifically, her thesis advances a more nuanced understanding of exploitation as ‘unfreedom’, and investigates the ways in which the legal regulations and experience of migrant labour in Canada creates a state of unfreedom for migrant workers. Beyond her dissertation, Bethany’s research and scholarship has focused broadly on conceptualizations of human trafficking, labour migration, and irregular migration.


  • Bethany Hastie and François Crépeau, “Criminalising irregular migration: the failure of the deterrence model and the need for a human-rights-based framework” (2014) 28:3 Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law 213.
  • Bethany Hastie, “To Protect and Control: Anti-Trafficking Strategies and the Duality of Disciplining Transnational Movements” in Martin Geiger and Antoine Pécoud, eds. Disciplining the International Movements of People (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
  • Bethany Hastie, “Doing Canada’s Dirty Work: A Critical Analysis of Law and Policy to Address Labour Exploitation and Trafficking” in Ato Quayson and Antonela Arhin, eds. Labour Migration, Human Trafficking and Multinational Corporations (New York: Routledge, 2012).

In the blog:

  • Bethany Hastie, “Migrant Work and “Permanent Temporariness”: A Fine Line between Abuse and Forced Labour?” 8 January 2014.
  • Bethany Hastie, “In the “War” Against Human Smuggling, Who Is Paying the Price?” 29 January 2013.
  • Bethany Hastie, “The Protection of Internationally Trafficked Persons in Canada: Critical Gaps in Immigration Policy” 7 December 2012.