Please see this excellent report by the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, on enforced disappearances in the context of migration.
It will be presented to the Human Rights Council next Wednesday 13 September 2017. I reproduce hereafter the conclusions and recommendations. Many thanks to Bernard.
Conclusion and recommendations
80. The phenomenon of enforced disappearance of migrants is a modern-day reality and should not be ignored or underestimated. The increasingly precarious movements of migrants, including through long and perilous journeys associated, among other things, with the often increasingly rigid migratory policies of States focused on deterrence, have created a situation which exposes migrants to heightened risks of becoming victims of human rights violations, including enforced disappearances.
81. As outlined in the present report, there is a direct link between enforced disappearance and migration, either because individuals migrate as a consequence of the threat or risk of being subjected to enforced disappearances in their country, or because they disappear during their migratory journey or in the country of destination. This may occur either as a result of abduction for political or other reasons, or in the context of detention or deportation processes, or as a consequence of smuggling and/or trafficking. However, States and the international community as a whole do not seem to be devoting the necessary attention to this issue. In addition, owing to both its nature and its transnational character, States are turning a blind eye and prefer to transfer the blame elsewhere, be it to another State or to a criminal group…”
To read the full report and recommendations, please click here: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G17/226/72/PDF/G1722672.pdf?OpenElement